4 Electrolysis techniques available:
Galvanic, Multi Needle Galvanic, Thermolysis and The Blend
WHAT IS ELECTROLYSIS?
Electrolysis is practiced around the world and has been doing so since 1875. It is a time honored method first used by Dr. Charles E. Michel (1833 - 1913), a St. Louis, Missouri ophthalmologist who permanently removed an ingrown eyelash. Unlike laser hair removal, Electrolysis is beneficial for all types of hair color and skin types. It is also the only form of permanent hair removal, where-as laser is only a permanent hair reduction.
Electrolysis procedure uses an electrode that gently slides a fine disposable and sterilized probe (needle) into the natural opening of the hair follicle alongside the unwanted hair. Current is then applied which destroys the blood supply feeding the hair and the cells that germinate the hair. Once the hair is destroyed, it slides out with the use of tweezers. How you apply the current, decides on what technique is being applied. *Note a hair should always slide out and the patron should never feel the hair being pulled out.
Electrolysis uses four different techniques...
The Galvanic technique was the first technique discovered in 1875. This technique uses a direct current. The electrical current causes the salt and the water in our tissue, to break into their individual elements, which quickly rearrange themselves to form entirely new substances. (eg H2O and NACL seperate to H, H, O, Na, and Cl. They then reform into NAHO and a Hydrogen and Chlorine gas. The process is called electrolysis. The new substances that are formed are sodium hydroxide (lye), hydrogen gas and chlorine gas. The lye, being caustic, is an effective instrument of destruction when introduced in the tiny hair follicle. Galvanic treatment is basically a chemical process. There is no "cooking" or "electrocution" of the tissue. Without some use of Galvanic current, certain deep, coarse hair growths are almost impossible to remove permanently. In order to completely destroy a hair follicle, you need to destroy not only the blood supply, but also all of the hair germ cells. Leave either one, and the hair will grow back. Lye can destroy the follicle the first time and no hair will grow there again.
Thermolysis destroys tissue by heat, and became more popular in the 1940's. This technique uses a high frequency current (indirect current) that raises the temperature of the tissue. It is the moisture in the tissue surrounding the needle which becomes heated by this current, not the needle itself. Depending how high and how long you hold the needle, determines how much damage is done in the follicle. But because of the high intense heat, it cannot be held for long in the follicle as it may burn the outer layer of the skin. It is difficult to destroy the hair germ cells AND the blood supply (Papilla) the first time using thermolysis. And so hair grows back. This technique requires clients to come back about every four to five weeks due to the hair growth cycle.
The darker the hair, the deeper it is, the harder it will be to get rid of with Thermolysis. It works better with lighter and finer hair. You can do many hairs per hour with this technique but it can have an average of 70% to 90% regrowth.
There is also an inherent danger in re-treating an area month after month, year after year with the thermolysis method, that it is obviously inadequate for the type of growth present. Eventually such repetition will lead to an alteration in pigmentation and suppleness of the skin. For this reason, more effective methods than thermolysis should be used for more difficult hair and distorted hair.
The third system is the Blend. It uses the combination of Thermolysis and Galvanic. This system can be done many different ways using the two together. Our technique uses more Galvanic and can still provide great quality work, with an average of only 20% regrowth. This regrowth will be much lighter and finer.
Multi Needle Galvanic (MNG)
Accelerated Multi-Probe Galvanic (MNG). Typically with just single needle galvanic you use one needle, hair by hair. With the Multi-Probe method we use up to 16 needles at a time, making electrolysis in larger areas much faster, removing 100 hairs per hour up to 800 hairs in a 4 hour session. This technique can only use the Galvanic technique. It is an excellent tool for larger coarser haired areas!
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